Dr. Jonathan Cristol was a fellow at the World Policy Institute from 2015 to 2018, and was the former director of Bard College’s Globalization and International Affairs program where he taught international relations theory, Unit ed States foreign policy in the Middle East, and international institutions. He is now a senior fellow at the Center for Civic Engagement at Bard College and is also a research fellow in the Levermore Global Scholars Program at Adelphi University where he teaches courses on issues pertaining to international peace and security. Dr. Cristol researches, writes about, and speaks on issues pertaining to international security, Middle East politics, the Korean Peninsula, and United States foreign policy in th e Middle East and East Asia. His writing appears regularly in publications including CNN Opinion and World Policy Journal and he frequently appears on Al Jazeera English, Channel News Asia, CNN, and i24 News, among others. He also serves as an instructor and subject – matter expert on Middle East affairs for a Maryland – based defense contractor, and serves as a consultant for special projects both directly, and through Duco, a global security, technology, and policy consultancy. He is the author of The Uni ted States and the Taliban before and after 9/11.